Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023
Canada Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023

By Aptechvisa [Published Fri, Aug 27 2021]

Canada's Immigration Levels Plan 2021-2023 is the most industrious attempt to invite foreigners in its history.

Canada will strive to invite over 400,000 new immigrants each year to support its economic and social prosperity. Canada invites skilled and talented labour force to strengthen its economy.

Summary of Canada's Immigration Levels Plan

Over the following years, Canada will open its door for over 1.2 million skilled and talented immigrants.

Each year, the federal department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) releases a new Immigration Levels Plan which it uses to guide its operations.

In 2021, IRCC will target the arrival of 401,000 immigrants. In 2022, this will rise to 411,000 new permanent residents (PRs). In 2023, Canada will aim to welcome an additional 421,000 immigrants. 

The following table summarizes Canada's immigration targets between 2021-2023 by immigration class:

Immigration Class

2021

2022

2023

Economic

232,500

241,500

249,500

Family

103,500

103,500

104,500

Refugee

59,500

60,500

61,000

Humanitarian

5,500

5,500

6,000

Total

401,000

411,000

421,000

2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan

Immigrant Category

2021

2022

2023

Target

Low Range

High Range

Target

Low Range

High Range

Target

Low Range

High Range

Overall Planned Permanent Resident Admissions

401,000

300,000

410,000

411,000

320,000

420,000

421,000

330,000

430,000

Economic

Federal High Skilled

108,500

81,000

110,250

110,500

96,250

112,900

113,750

100,000

114,500

Federal Business

1,000

400

1,250

1,000

250

1,250

1,000

500

1,250

Economic Pilots: Caregivers

8,500

4,900

9,250

10,000

4,500

10,500

10,250

4,500

11,000

Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program

6,000

3,300

6,250

6,250

3,000

6,750

6,500

3,500

6,750

Provincial Nominee Program

80,800

64,000

81,500

81,500

63,600

82,500

83,000

65,000

84,000

Quebec Skilled Workers and Business

See the Quebec immigration plan

To be determined

To be determined

Total Economic

232,500

180,500

237,000

241,500

199,000

247,000

249,500

207,000

253,500

Family

Spouses, Partners and Children

80,000

61,000

81,000

80,000

60,000

81,000

81,000

60,000

82,000

Parents and Grandparents

23,500

15,000

24,000

23,500

14,000

24,000

23,500

14,000

24,000

Total Family

103,500

76,000

105,000

103,500

74,000

105,000

104,500

74,000

106,000

Refugees and Protected Persons

Protected Persons in Canada and Dependents Abroad

23,500

17,000

25,000

24,500

19,000

25,000

25,000

19,500

25,500

Resettled Refugees - Government-Assisted

12,500

7,500

13,000

12,500

7,500

13,000

12,500

8,400

13,000

Resettled Refugees - Privately Sponsored

22,500

14,900

23,000

22,500

15,400

23,000

22,500

15,500

23,000

Resettled Refugees - Blended Visa Office-Referred

1,000

100

1,000

1,000

100

1,000

1,000

100

1,000

Total Refugees and Protected Persons

59,500

39,500

62,000

60,500

42,000

62,000

61,000

43,500

62,500

Humanitarian and Other

Total Humanitarian & Compassionate and Other

5,500

4,000

6,000

5,500

5,000

6,000

6,000

5,500

8,000


4.4% of total admissions outside Quebec

12,144

16,544

What is the reason behind the open arm policy followed by the Canadian Government in regards with immigration?

As we are well aware of the fact that Canada is the second largest country in terms of geographical area but the population residing in Canada is quite low and the population growth rate is also very slow. Canada has one of the world's oldest populations and also one of the world's lowest birth rates. This has a direct impact on its economy, thus creating economic and fiscal pressures. Since, Canada has a low natural population growth rate it inadvertently results in lack of labour force and economic growth. This makes it difficult for Canada to raise taxes which are needed to support services such as education, healthcare etc.

 This resulted in increase of skilled immigrants to Canada since the late 1980s to increase its population growth, workforce and economic growth. And, Canada is majorly dependent on its skilled labour force to increase its economic growth.

Canada has regularly welcomed over 200,000 immigrants per year since 1988. In recent years, it has decided to increase its levels to over 300,000 per year. Canada welcomes three times more immigrants on a per capita basis than then the United States of America.

Based on the data and trends it is apparent that Canada will continue to increase its workforce and population by increasing the immigration levels as immigration is critical for supporting a healthy economy in the country. 

COVID-19 has weekend Canada’s economy and increased spending on social services also Canada is currently experiencing a sharp decrease in its birth rate and this decrease is witnessed to be the lowest level ever resulting in economic uncertainties making Canada even more dependent on its foreign workforce for the economic growth and population growth.

Canada Immigration Levels 1860-2019

What impact did COVID-19 have on Canadian immigration?

Due to the on-going pandemic and travel restrictions Canada did slow down its immigration process which also affected the population growth of the country. Though Canada imposed travel restriction yet the system wasn’t as rigid as compared to the other countries. Also Canada, aims to invite 401,000 in immigrants, skilled workers, international students, business owners, temporary foreign workers, visitors, etc. in 2021 to fill in the lack of previous year

Canada has communicated its desire to minimize disruptions to the immigration system and conducts regular PNP draws, Express Entry draws, etc. even when Canada initially imposed COVID-19 travel restrictions; it announced that some new permanent residents would be allowed to enter the country.

 COVID-19 has lessened the flow of foreign immigrants applying for Permanent Resident arrival to Canada. Those who didn’t get to enter Canada in 2020 mustn’t lose hope and  expect to immigrate to Canada once the pandemic situation gets a little better.

 

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